UN - CLIMATE CHANGE COP 8 2002
COP THAT - The United Nations Climate Change Conferences are yearly conferences held in the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They serve as the formal meeting of the UNFCCC Parties (Conference of the Parties, COP) to assess progress in dealing with climate change, and beginning in the mid-1990s, to negotiate the Kyoto Protocol to establish legally binding obligations for developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. From 2005 the Conferences have also served as the "Conference of the Parties Serving as the Meeting of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol" (CMP); also parties to the Convention that are not parties to the Protocol can participate in Protocol-related meetings as observers. From 2011 the meetings have also been used to negotiate the Paris Agreement as part of the Durban platform activities until its conclusion in 2015, which created a general path towards climate action. The first UN Climate Change Conference was held in 1995 in Berlin.
2002: COP 8, New Delhi, India
The Kyoto Protocol could enter into force once it was ratified by 55 countries, including countries responsible for 55 per cent of the developed world's 1990
carbon dioxide emissions. With the
United States (36.1 per cent share of developed-world carbon dioxide) and
Australia refusing ratification, Russia's agreement (17% of global emissions in 1990) was required to meet the ratification criteria and therefore
Russia could delay the process.
2019 COP 25/CMP 15/CMA 4, Santiago, Chile - Madrid, Spain
2020 COP 26/ postponed
2021 COP 26/ Glasgow, Scotland 1-12 November
The UNFCCC secretariat is located at two different locations.
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